Those who are within the area of teaching and learning may realize that there are different obstacles or difficulties that slow down the learning process of children.
Many times, as parents do not have the necessary knowledge and tools, they make common mistakes, such as pressuring their children to make more effort in studies, severely disciplining them thinking that it is a lack of interest on their part, etc….
All this has the consequence that children feel frustrated, pressured, misunderstood and that they express these feelings in a negative way, through tantrums, physical and emotional isolation, rebellion against their parents and guardians and more.
If you notice that your child is struggling in his studies, don’t be too quick to think that he isn’t trying hard enough. The recommendation is that you observe it very carefully to be able to identify those warning signs that sometimes go unnoticed, like which ones? Difficulty differentiating one letter from another, problems when reproducing sounds, etc.
In such cases, it is best to take him to a specialist, as it is likely that he has some learning difficulty. One of the most common is dyslexia. Do you know what is it about? If not, but you are interested in learning more about the subject, you cannot stop reading this article.
In it, you will not only have a clearer concept of what this learning disorder is, but you will also know what its symptoms are, so that you can identify it and what its treatment is and the different techniques that you can implement in order to go getting good results little by little. While it is true that it is a long road, you do not have to walk it alone and without timely guidance.
As I have already mentioned, dyslexia is a learning disorder, which manifests itself in difficulty reading, having as a starting point problems in differentiating common speech sounds, as well as understanding their relationship with words.. That is, it constitutes an obstacle that hinders the decoding process.
Keep in mind that people with dyslexia have normal intelligence and vision. Which means that, with the help of a tutor and a specialized program, children with dyslexia can move forward and be successful.
Although it is difficult to determine if your child has dyslexia before they start school, there are some early signs that can indicate a problem. For example:
- Start talking late.
- Learn new words very slowly.
- Problems for words in an appropriate way. That is, it inverts the sounds or confuses those words that sound similar.
- Has trouble remembering or pronouncing the names of letters, numbers, and even colors.
- They have difficulty learning nursery rhymes to play games that have rhymes.
Once you have entered school, it is very likely that the signs of dyslexia will become more visible. Among them are:
- A reading level that is well below the average for children their age.
- Problems understanding and processing the instructions you hear.
- Difficulty finding the right word to express what you think.
- Problems answering certain questions.
- Inability to remember the sequence of things and events.
- Difficulty seeing the similarity of things and to differentiate between letters and words.
- Inability to pronounce words that are not known to him.
- Spelling problems.
- Avoid certain activities that require reading.
In the case of young people and adults, the symptoms of dyslexia are very similar. Some of the most frequent are:
- Difficulty reading aloud.
- A slow reading and writing and with many difficulties.
- A mispronunciation of names or words.
- Trouble remembering words.
- Difficulty understanding certain jokes, expressions and even idioms.
- Disadvantages when summarizing a story.
- Problems learning a foreign language.
- Difficulty memorizing.
- Impossibility to solve some mathematical problems.
It is important to keep in mind that the causes of dyslexia tend to be hereditary. It appears to be related to genes that affect how the brain processes language and reading. It is also related to different risk factors found in your environment.
Now, although dyslexia is incurable, it is possible to treat it and achieve significant improvements, how?
What do you need
Children, who receive help from the first grades of education, manage to improve their reading skills enough to do well during the rest of their educational training.
Dyslexia is treated with specific educational techniques and it is recommended that it be done as soon as possible. One thing that will help your child’s teachers to develop a suitable teaching program for him is to carry out different psychological tests.
They can also implement techniques involving the sense of touch, vision, and hearing to improve their reading skills. In reality, the purpose of the treatment is for your child to achieve:
- Recognize and correctly use the shorter sounds that make up words.
- Understand that letters and strings of letters represent sounds and words.
- Being able to assimilate what you read.
- Being able to read aloud with accuracy, speed and correct expression.
- Build a vocabulary with words that you are able to recognize and understand at the same time.
Some countries have a legal duty to create a learning plan for children with dyslexia, containing different strategies. Therefore, talk with his teacher to create a structured plan that is focused on meeting the needs of the child and helps him improve.
As a parent, you have the responsibility to help your child to develop successfully in all fields of life. But what can you do in this particular?
Parents play a critical role in developing their child’s cognitive skills. So, if you want your child to become a successful person, you must take the following steps:
- Attack the problem promptly. From the very moment your child is suspected of having dyslexia, you should talk to your child’s GP. Remember that early intervention increases your chances of leading a normal academic life.
- Read it out loud. This is a practice that you should do from when the child is 6 months old and even less. When your child is old enough, you can have them listen to the stories and read them together.
- Work closely with your child’s school. Stay in constant communication with your teachers. Remember that you must be their first and greatest advocate.
- Foster an environment where reading reigns. In order for your child to progress, it is essential that he reads, if possible, daily. Therefore, it is best that you encourage him to read from an early age.
- Give the example. You cannot instill in your child a habit that you do not have. Therefore, make a schedule of daily activities where you include reading a book or a magazine and try to do it together with your child. In addition to giving him the example, you will be supporting him. It’s important that you let him know that you enjoy reading and that he can too.
You should also try to be understanding, keep communication channels open with your child, limit the amount of time he spends in front of the TV or computer, and join a support group if possible. These groups provide useful information and a lot of emotional support. Just what you need to get ahead with your child, despite any kind of adversity.